The Theory of Guangzhou Wing Chun
Foreigners generally believe that Chinese Martial Arts is full of complications, secrets, and mystical principles in terms of direct combat. However, Guangzhou Wing Chun kung fu is far from complex. Guangzhou Wing Chun is very simple, the only principle is: “Direct, straight line attach and defense around the CENTER line”.
The center line runs directly up and down the middle of the body from head to the lower body. This part of the body is the most direct and is fastest to attack of your opponent’s body. This part of the body is also the most vulnerable and must be protected at all times with your defense and attacks. Every aspect of Wing Chun evolves around the CENTER LINE theory. In mastering this theory, long hard practice must also be incorporated.
For beginners, learning the “Twelve simple techniques” (Twelve San Sau) will enhance your practical abilities in applying to the Wing Chun system.
The Twelve Simple Techniques
1) Straight Line Punch
2) Turning Straight Line Punch
3) Sheung Lan Sau (Upper Blocking hand)
4) Ha Lan Sau (Lower blocking hand)
5) Oi Lim Sau (Outer blocking hand)
6) Loi Lim Sau (Inner blocking hand)
7) Oi Tan Cheung (Outer blocking palm)
8) Loi Tan Cheung (Inner Blocking palm)
9) Sam Ban Cheung (Three Style Blocking Palm)
10) Oi Lap Sau (Outer Grabbing Hand)
11) Huen Sau (Circle Hand)
12) Dok Lung Tsui ( Dragon’s Punch)
Additional Simple Technique: Bak hok kum wu
Mainstream Wing Chun
Siu Lim Tao
Siu Lim Tao (in Guangzhou Wing Chun) means the initial or starting practice. (There is a slight difference in the wording (In Cantonese) of Siu Lim Tao from other style of Wing Chun). Siu Lim Tao contains many forms of the usage of Inch Punch, which can allow new learners to get used to this very important concept, correct use of energy and the basic theories of positions of the Wing Chun system.
Chum Kiu in Wing Chun is to allow learners to practice the very important concept of having a strong and powerful positioning of the legs. Chum Kiu main theory is to stand strong, hold a powerful defense, then attack using the waist and kicking techniques.
The moves within Bill Chee are more aggressive that the above, with moves such as attacking your opponent’s eyes, breaking their arms and using regular Inch punch.
In Guangzhou Wing Chun, Siu Lim Tao, Chum Kiu and Bill Chee are taught at Elementary, Intermediate and High Intermediate Levels respectively however, their importance and status in Wing Chun are equal.
Hung Jong (Empty Dummy)
Hung Jong is to learn the basic attacking techniques before you learn the wooden Dummy. It contains many similarity of the above three Siu Lim Tao, Chum Kiu and Bill Chee with additions. However, Hung Jong contains combinations of the above three for attack which are not easy to identify from the above three moves.
Wooden Dummy is mainly to practice the Wing Chun moves you have learned with more precise positions and with the shape of the Wooden Dummy, it is ideal to practice Wing Chun along your center line. Also, it will allow you to practice your bridge hand, and Inch Punch, which cannot be achieve during normal practice with other learners due to safety reasons. With the Wooden Dummy, you can fully express your Wing Chun skills and techniques without holding back.
The Aesthetics of Wing Chun Kung
The motion and positioning of Wing Chun Kung Fu are direct, it’s theory is to attack your opponent at the shortest distance with the quickest amount of time. Hence in learning Wing Chun, we do not have many Combinations of attack and do not have stylish names compared to other martial art’s moves. It is all about aggressive and direct attack. Therefore there is no beauty in fighting with Wing Chun but factually, the purpose of Wing Chun is for self defense and to strengthen your body therefore decoration is unnecessary. In addition, learning Wing Chun is like building a strong foundation for a building. Once you have a strong foundation, you can build combinations of item on top of it, like for Wing Chun, once you learned the moves, you can apply different combinations yourself to produce your own blend of combating style.